Comparing the effects of spiritual meditation, secular meditation, and relaxation on spiritual, psychological, cardiac, and pain outcomes.

  J Behav Med. 2005 Aug;28(4):369-84. Is spirituality a critical ingredient of meditation? Comparing the effects of spiritual meditation, secular meditation, and relaxation on spiritual, psychological, cardiac, and pain outcomes. Wachholtz AB1, Pargament KI. Author information Abstract This study compared secular and spiritual forms of meditation to assess the benefits of a spiritual intervention. Participants…

Exercise and Depression

Summary Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) presents a considerable challenge to public health in the United States. Estimates of lifetime prevalence are 22.9% in females and 15.1% in males and the condition is likely increasing among younger cohorts. Successful treatment does not seem to increase with rising costs of care (over $20 billion annually). A thorough…

The Toxicology of Oxycontin

By Ken Niemann Oxycodone is a synthetic opiate derivative classified as a Schedule II Controlled Substance and about 59 tons of the drug were consumed in the United States in 2010. Each year, a growing number of deaths occur from semi-synthetic opioids such as oxycodone, hydrocodone, and morphine. This essay will describe the manufacturing process, biochemistry,…

Why Addiction Is A Choice

See also: Addiction and choice: theory and new data Why it’s wrong to call addiction a disease We are all ‘wired’ for addiction, says researcher   By Ken Niemann Addiction was ruled a disease by the American Medical Association (AMA) in 1976 and in 1997 the National Institute on Drug Abuse adopted the Brain Disease…

Why I’m Not A Buddhist

By Ken Niemann Americans, especially those in wellness, recovery, and therapeutic circles, are embracing Buddhism in large numbers. Regardless of motives, it’s my intent here to lay down a philosophical foundation for the rejection of Buddhism in favor of a Logocentric Worldview. The definitive source for a critique of Oriental religions is Stuart Hackett’s Oriental…

Rethinking the Transtheoretical (Stages of Change) Model

West, R., Time for a change: putting the Transtheoretical (Stages of Change) Model to rest. Addiction, 2005. 100(8): p. 1036-9. West, R., The transtheoretical model of behavior change and the scientific method. Addiction, 2006. 101(6): p. 774-8. West, R., Problems with the Transtheoretical Model of Behaviour Change, PPT Lecture, University College London, January 2009 The…